Biblical Tour Turkey

Biblical Tour Turkey

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Harran (Haran) PDF Print E-mail

       Gen. 11:31;12:4-5;27:43;28:10,29:4, IIKings 19:12, Isa. 37:12, Ezek. 27:23, Acts 7:2-4

Harran, also known as Carrhae, is a district of Sanliurfa Province in the southeast of Turkey, near the border with Syria, 24 miles (44 kilometres) southeast of the city of Sanliurfa, at the end of a long straight road across the hot plain of Harran.

Historical Harran is very, very ancient too. This was a centre of Mesopotamian culture which in its prime controlled the point where the road from Damascus joins the highway between Nineveh and Carchemish. This location gave Harran strategic value from an early date. It is frequently mentioned in Assyrian inscriptions as early as the time of Tiglath-Pileser I, about 1100 BC, under the name Harranu, or "Road" (Akkadian harrānu, "road, path, journey"). After the Shupiluliuma-Shattiwazza treaty, Harran was burned by a Hittite army under Piyashshili in the course of the conquest of Hanilgalbat.

Harran is an archaeological site of great value as the ancient city was the centre of a considerable commerce, trading with Tyre (Ezekiel 27:23), and one of its specialities was the odoriferous gum derived from the stobrum tree (Pliny, N.H. xii. 40).

According to the book of Genesis, Abraham passed through Haran, which some scholars identify as the locale of the modern Harran. The Hebrew Bible also identifies Haran as the place where Terah halted after leaving Ur with his family. Genesis 27:43 makes Harran the home of Laban and connects it with Isaac and Jacob.

Harran was the chief home of the Mesopotamian moon-goddess Sin, whose temple was rebuilt by several kings, among them Assur-bani-pal and Nabonidus, and Herodian (iv. 13, 7) mentions the town as possessing in his day a temple of the moon.

During the reign of King Hezekiah, the city rebelled from the Assyrians, who reconquered the city (2 Kings 19:12; Isaiah, 37:12), and deprived it of many privileges, which king Sargon II later restored

Harran was a centre of Christianity from early on, the first place where purpose-built churches were constructed openly. However although a bishop resided in the city, many people of Harran retained their ancient pagan faith during the Christian period and thus the Sabian culture was born here in Harran.




Biblical Places in Turkey

  Adramyttium   

    Antioch   

    Assos      

    Attalia      

 Bithniya  (Nicaea) 

Cappadocia  

Carchemish

Cnidus

Colossae

Derbe

Ephesus Acts

 Euphrates River 

Galatia Province

Harran

Hierapolis

Iconium

Istanbul 

Laodecia

Lystra

Miletus

Mt. Ararat

Myra

Nicea

Patara 

Perga

Pergamum

Philadelphia

 Pisidian Antioch 

Sardis

Seleucia

Smyrna

Tarsus 

Thyatira

Tigris River

Troas

Troy

 
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